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Civil Society Days 2019: Sustainable Democracy in Europe

20 June 2019

On June 12-13, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) held its annual Civil Society Days 2019 under the theme of Sustainable Democracy in Europe. Over the course of the two days, the more than 300 participants discussed, among other things, the urgency of progress regarding the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals to achieve a better and more sustainable future built on the values of solidarity and human rights, social justice, equality, democracy and participation, entrepreneurship and environmental responsibility.

Picking up on the momentum of the 2019 European elections, the President of the EESC Luca Jahier opened the event by stressing that if we want to build a fair and sustainable Europe, we must act now and we must be coherent on what we decide from here on out. His message was one of unity for the future of Europe:

It is time for change. If we’re not united, we’ll lose the opportunity. If we can’t deliver in the next 5 years, next time the message will be in the direction of the populists, because the citizens have not been heard.


In order to safeguard the objectives laid out in the Sibiu declaration, Michael O’Flaherty, Director of the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights, further identified five challenges that need to be tackled as priorities:

  • Building an equal society in Europe – too many children are at risk of poverty;
  • Building a society that repudiates hate – hate against Jews, Muslims or the LGBT community;
  • Building a society that celebrates diversity,  rather than just tolerating differences;
  • Building a society that respects the rule of law; 
  • Building a society that works on the basis of partnership – engaging the different forces of society, e.g.  policy-makers and civil society.

ECAS was present at the event through co-organising and taking part in two workshops. During the “Resilient democracies: the positive impact of civic action and organised civil society” workshop, ECAS Executive Director Assya Kavrakova presented the results of the Societies outside Metropolisis: the role of civil society organisations in facing populism study, carried out by ECAS and commissioned by the EESC. She stressed that in order to assure a more sustainable future, we need to really understand the challenges that are in the way, such as populism and the complex factors that contribute to its rise across Europe. Shifting from awareness to action, she concluded with ten recommendations to CSOs and other stakeholders on how to counter populism.

The overall recommendations of the workshop were:

  • Take clear stance against the stigmatisation and criminalisation of civil society and give support, including financially, to its different actors that stand and act for democratic values ​​and fundamental rights, both at grassroots and transnational level.
  • Implement an EU democracy semester, with a democracy score board and a monitoring system to assess the annual state of democracy, fundamental rights and of civic space across EU Member States.
  • Parties which turn against Fundamental Values, as enshrined in Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union should be excluded from their political parties at the European level, as well as political groups in the European Parliament.
  • Restore a public sphere and infrastructure of dialogue and discussion, especially in rural or peripheral areas where people feel abandoned by current politics.

ECAS Senior Manager European Democracy Elisa Lironi moderated the workshop on “E-democracy, citizens’ advocacy power and alternative forms of active participation”, co-organised with the Union of the European Federalists (UEF). She highlighted the key elements of interaction between democracy and technology, and the benefits that these new ways of participation bring to democratic processes.

The recommendations that were formed out of the workshop included:

  • Members of the European Parliament should work to empower citizens through education and physical mechanisms, including for instance citizen panels, outreach consultations, (to reach under-represented groups) and electronic tools, to develop and communicate their ideas and suggestions for better local policies and actions that will lead to improved equality of opportunity and quality of life for all citizens at the local level.
  • MEPs should make greater use of ICTs to reach out to citizens, especially by opening their institutional reports to crowdsourcing citizens’ ideas  and by having more online politicy discussions with citizens (through, for example, webinars).
  • Formal group/ committee on citizen participation: to create a continuous structured space for MEPs and CSO representatives to discuss and ensure the improvement of current processes to be open for citizens and CSOs in all the levels of participation (decision-making, follow-up, etc.) and not only consultations. In addition, ensure a European perspective on citizen participation and encourage European cooperation.

For more coverage of the Civil Society Days 2019, click here.